Department of Normal and Topographic Anatomy and Operative Surgery

The Department of Normal Anatomy of the Aktobe State Medical Institute was organized in 1957. The founder of the department was Associate ProfessorAlexey Pavlovich Sorokin.

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Docent A.P.Sorokin
The first composition of the department: head of the department, associate professor A.P. Sorokin, candidate of Medical Sciences V.V. Morozova, assistant Bashirov M.Sh, candidate of Medical Sciences K.V. Melnikova, assistant to M.V. Bobrova.
In 1958, the department was replenished with young teachers - assistants G.F. Lashina, A.M. Gizatullina, M.P. Obraztsova, candidate of Medical Sciences T.L. Likhacheva and I.S. Zimnik.
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The staff of the Department of Normal Anatomy at the stage of organization and formation. From right to left 1-row: assistant M.P. Obraztsova, associate professor A.Yu. Mardkhuda, assistant G.F. Lashina, head of the department, docent A.P. Sorokin, assistants - G.A. Gizatullina, A.S. Melnikov; 2nd row - laboratory assistants R. Tsivinskaya, L. Demchenko, G. Oleinikova, N. Andreeva, V. Izimof; 3-row - laboratory assistants E. Boiko, Z. Struyanskaya, R. Davletova. 1959 year.
During the period from 1957 to 1959, a huge organizational and creative work was carried out - prepared: 4 classrooms equipped with special sectional tables, purchased bone and wet preparations for the educational process, created a tabular and dummy fund. In 1957, the organization of the anatomical museum began, which was completed by 1960. Scientific research at the department was conducted on two problems: "Patterns of morphogenesis and regeneration of connective tissue" and "Adaptation of the body to motor loads." In 1964, on the first problem, A. P. Sorokin completed a doctoral dissertation on the topic "Human limb fascia and their structure" (macro - and microscopic examination) and 2 candidate dissertations (G.V. Stelnikov, V.I. Savelyev).
From 1965 to 1969, the department was headed by Associate Professor G.V. Stelnikov, a student and successor of A.P. Sorokin.
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Docent G.V.Stelnikov
Gennady Vasilyevich Stelnikov graduated from the Saratov State Medical Institute in 1957. In 1960-1969, he worked at the Aktobe State Medical Institute as an assistant, associate professor, head of the Department of Normal Anatomy. During this period, the staff of the department has been changed by assistants G. Ya. Fisher, A. I. Denisov, T. Zh. Umbetov, E. E. Shepp, R. E. Ran. The staff of the department continued their scientific work on the topic "Adaptation of the body to motor loads".
From 1969 to 1974, the department was headed by Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor B. M. Erez.
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Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor B.M.Erez
 Great efforts were made to form a team, to relocate the department to a new building (where it is still located), to equip new premises, to create a gallery of morphological scientists (107 portraits), and to fully staff the faculty. Among them are associate professors V. I. Savelyev, S. B. Mardanov, A. S. Sakhipbayev, senior lecturer A. M. Gizatullina, assistants: candidate of medical Sciences G. Ya. Fisher, T. Zh. Umbetov, M. P. Obraztsova, N. D. Obraztsova, V. T. Anoshkin, S. B. Chuzhovskaya, A. I. Nurkeyev, I. P. Rai, Yu.K.Bekkaliyeva, I. N. Kogan. Support personnel selected. A unified scientific problem “Regularities of peripheral innervation” was developed.
In 1974-1975, the acting head of the department was Associate Professor Viktor Ivanovich Savelyev.
The development of the previous scientific problem was supplemented by the study of the effect of open craniocerebral trauma on brain structures.
In the period from 1975 to 1989, the department was headed by Professor K. V. Melnikova.

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Doctor of Medical Sciences, рrofessor K.V.Melnikova
Klavdiya Vasilyevna Melnikova is a representative of the scientists-lymphologists of the Moscow school of V. V. Kupryanov and E. Yu. Vyrenkov. Two Ph.D. theses were defended under her supervision.
During this period, the staff of the department develops a single scientific problem "The effect of chromium intoxication on the microcirculatory bed and other structural elements of organs".
In 1989-1997, the head of the department was Professor V. I. Savelyev.
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Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor V.I. Savelyev
Viktor Ivanovich Savelyev graduated from the Kuibyshev State Medical Institute in 1959. During this period, worked at the Department of Professor K. V. Melnikov, associate Professor – B. S. Mardanov, T. A. Adaibaev, senior lecturer A. M. Gizatullina, assistants – M. P. Obraztsov, A. N. Nesterov, E. V., Gafurov, E. R. Nurgaliyev, O. V. Kiyek, L. I. Ivanov, R. E. Egemberdiyeva, N. V.Zarishnyak, K. E. Zharylkassynov, E. V. Pakhtussova, M. S. Zhailybayev, S. M. Kurumbayev, T. N. Cherenkova, B. B. Joldybayeva, A. K. Zhalimbetova.
Scientific research during this period is conducted on the problem of "Morphofunctional interdependence of macro-and microstructures of the cortex of the pre-and post-central gyrus of the hemispheres of the human brain". On this topic, under the guidance of Professor V. I. Savelyev, 5 PhD theses were defended.
In 1997-2002, the department became a course and became part of the Department of Forensic Medicine and Normal Anatomy (Head of the Department – Professor O. N. Turebayev, 1997-1998), then part of the Department of Histology and Normal Anatomy(Head of the Department – Professor T. Zh.Umbetov, 1998 – 2002).
Head of the course-prof. V. I. Savelyev (1997/1998, 1998/1999, 2001/2002 academic years), prof. S.B. Mardanov (1999/2000, 2000/2001 academic years). Scientific topic of the department "Individual variability of the convolutions of the cerebral cortex".   
In the period from 2002 to 2005, the head of the Department of Normal Anatomy with the course of topographic Anatomy with operative surgery was Doctor of Medical Sciences A. N. Zhumabayeva. Under the guidance of A. N. Zhumabayeva, 5 PhD theses were defended.
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Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor A.N.Zhumabayeva
In 2005 - 2006 the department was headed by Professor T.A. Adaibayev. Toleugali Adaibayevich Adaibayev graduated from Aktobe State Medical Institute in 1974.
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Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor T.A.Adaibayev
Scientific research during this period is carried out on the problem of "Patterns of changes in internal organs under the influence of destabilizing factors in ontogenesis, an experiment with pathology and their correction." On this topic, under the guidance of Professor T.A. Adaibayev, one doctoral dissertation and 8 candidate dissertations were defended.
In 2006-2018, the head of the department was Associate Professor K.E. Zharylkassynov. Karaman Yensepbayevich graduated from Aktobe State Medical Institute in 1991.

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Candidate of Medical Sciences, Docent K.E. Zharylkassynov
During this period, professor A.M. Gizatullina worked at the department, associate professors - L.I. Ivanova, R.E. Yegemberdiyeva, G.A. Zhurabekova, N.V. Zarishnyak, S.B. Rakhmanov, senior teacher A.D. Balmagambetova, teachers - G.A. Mutigullina, T.S.Mukashev, A.B. Zhanabayeva, M.S. Sarssenova, Zh.A. Tulenova, N.A. Zhumabay, B.T. Urazgaliyeva, N.T. Agissov, B.Z. Idiyev, B.A. Dzhubayeva, A.I. Zakirova. Under the guidance of associate professor K.E. Zharylkassynov, 2 master's theses were defended. In 1998, Karaman Yensepbayevich Zharylkassynov was the first to defend his Ph.D. thesis in the state language at the university. Scientific direction of the department "Morphogenesis and structural and functional features of organs and systems of humans and experimental animals under the influence of destabilizing factors." In this direction, 3 candidate dissertations were defended (G.A.Zhurabekova, N.V. Zarishnyak, S.B. Rakhmanov).5v5v8v5vvv
The staff of the department. From right to left, 1st row: Doctor of Medical Sciences L.I.Ivanova, professor T.A.Adaybaev, professor A.M. Gizatullina, head of the department, associate professor Q.E. Zharilkassynov, Doctor of Medical Sciences R.E. Egemberdiyeva, candidate of Medical Sciences M.S. Zhailybayev; 2nd row: laboratory assistant N. Yeshniyazov, senior laboratory assistant G. A. Suleimenova, teacher B. A. Jubayeva, candidate of Medical Sciences N.V. Zarishnyak, candidate of Medical Sciences G.A.Zhurabekova, teacher B.T.Orazgaliyeva, teacher M.S. Sarssenova, laboratory assistants - Q.Balgaliyeva, V.Medovshchikov; 3rd row: teachers - B.Z. Idiev, master A.D. Balmagambetova, candidate of Medical Sciences S.B. Rakhmanov. 2011.
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In the museum with the staff. From right to left: visiting Professor Stefania Annarita Nottola from the University of L'Aquila, Italy and Head of the Department K. E. Zharylkassynov. 2017.
From 2018 to 2019, the department was headed by Docent, associate Professor G. A. Zhurabekova
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Candidate of Medical Sciences, Аssociate рrofessor G. A. Zhurabekova.
Gulmira Atagullovna Zhurabekova graduated from the medical faculty of the West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov Government Medical Academy in 2001. In 2008, she defended her PhD thesis on the topic: "Morphofunctional characteristics of the structures of the adrenal cortex under prolonged exposure to formaldehyde and when using the phytopreparation "Licorice Oil". Under her leadership, 1 PhD doctoral and 1 master's thesis were defended.
In the period from 2019 to 2021, the head of the department was candidate of Medical Sciences L. I. Ivanova.
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Candidate of Medical Sciences L.I.Ivanova
Lyubov Ivanovna Ivanova, graduated from the AGMI in 1986 with a degree in Medical Science. According to the distribution, she was left at the Department of Normal Anatomy. In 1999, she defended her PhD thesis on the topic: "Intraoperative laser irradiation of the liver in the surgery of mechanical jaundice and purulent cholangitis" - 14.00.27-surgery.
Currently, the acting head of the Department of Normal and Topographic Anatomy with operative Surgery is the Candidate of Medical Sciences Sapargali Bekzhanovich Rakhmanov. S. B. Rakhmanov in 2006 graduated with honors from the medical faculty of the WKMOGMA.
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Candidate of Medical Sciences S.B.Rakhmanov
In 2010 he defended his Ph.D. thesis on the topic: "Morphological changes in the lymphoid formations of the small intestine under prolonged exposure to sodium bichromate." 1 PhD doctoral and 3 master's theses were defended under the supervision of S.B. Rakhmanov.
The department has preserved the traditions of continuity of the anatomical school, laid down by the founder of the department A.P. Sorokin. The school continues to live thanks to a good mentor-anatomist, an experienced teacher, honorary professor of the university Alina Muzagitovna Gizatullina.
Today, the scientific direction of the department: "Study of the structural and functional features of organs and systems of humans and experimental animals in ontogenesis."
Currently, the department employs Acting acting director head of the department, candidate of Medical Sciences S. B. Rakhmanov, PhD doctor A. D. Balmagambetova, masters - M. S. Sarssenova, N. A. Zhumabay, A. S. Adilgereeva, teachers - T. S. Mukashev, Zh. A. Tulenova, A. A. Sapargalieva, M.B. Alieva, senior laboratory assistant G.A. Suleimenova, laboratory assistants - S.M. Derbisova, K.K. Ayasheva, T.B. Agatayeva.
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The staff of the department. Right to left 1-range: acting head of Department, candidate of medical Sciences S. B., Rakhmanov, senior lecturer M. S. Sarssenov, PhD A. D. Balmagambetova, doctoral student N. A.Jumabay; 2-row: Professor A. A. Sapargaliyeva, doctoral student A. S.Yedelgeriyev, teacher Zh.A.Tulenova, assistant G. A. Suleymenov, technicians – Derbisova S. M., K. K. Ayasheva, doctoral student, M. B. Aliyeva. 2021.
Since 1958, the scientific student anatomical circle continues its work at the department and to this day. The work of the circle is carried out in the following sections: Abstract, research, preparation, restoration. Since 2007, the circle has been called the scientific and student anatomical circle "Anatomist". The results of student work are presented annually at Scientific and student conferences in our University and beyond. The researchers of the circle have repeatedly won prizes at National and International conferences. The members of the preparation section make a great contribution to the preparation of educational material for practical classes.
Thanks to the work of the restoration section under the leadership of Professor Alina Muzagitovna Gizatullina, the unique anatomical museum with a rich fund in the country continues its work. Every year, it opens its doors for excursions not only for students of our university, but also for schoolchildren, students of other universities and colleges in our city.
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Professor A.M. Gizatullina
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Professor A.M. Gizatullina with students in the Anatomical Museum. 2009.
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The composition of the student choir "Juventus" and its director - professor A.M. Gizatullina. 2005 year.
 
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The student choir named Alina Muzagitovna Gizatullina.
Conference-Hall. 2017 year.
Alina Muzagitovna Gizatullina is a versatile, highly spiritual developed person who had a huge library. A corner was created in memory of Alina Muzagitovna for her great contribution to the formation of the museum.
The Anatomical Museum is our pride. There is not a single guest who came to our university and didn’t visit our museum.
Today the department is a friendly team of like-minded people, including promising young people - graduates of our university. The work of the department is aimed at developing and increasing the cultural level of students, improving the quality of knowledge and professional development.

THE BLOCK OF TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY WITH OPERATIVE SURGERY

In 1959 in Aktyubinsk State Medical Institute a department of topographic anatomy with operative surgery was established under the direction of Candidate of Medical Sciences, assistant professor K.V Melnikova. She took an active part in organization. From 1960 to 2008 the department was headed by the doctor of medical sciences, professor Valentina Morozova
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Doctor of Medical Sciences, рrofessor V.V. Morozova.
In 1957, after graduating from the Alma-Ata Medical Institute V. Morozova was sent to Aktobe to participate in the organization of the Aktobe Medical Institute and in the same year she defended her thesis for the degree of candidate of medical sciences. In 1973 she defended her doctoral dissertation on the topic: "Renal and heart changes in arterio-venous anastomosis" (experimental, morphological, laboratory research ") and in 1974 she was awarded the academic title of professor.
V. Morozova is the author of many innovative proposals and inventions, she has prepared 7 candidates and 2 doctors of medical sciences.
Under the leadership of Professor V. V. Morozova, the staff of the department has done a lot of work on the study and improvement of teaching methods in higher education.
In 2008, due to the change in the plan and the training program at the faculties of the medical academy, the Department of Topographic Anatomy and Operative Surgery was reorganized and is now the course at the Department of Normal Human Anatomy.
Since 2008, the head of the course of topographic anatomy with operative surgery is M.S.Zhaylybaev Candidate of Medical Sciences, graduated from AkGMI in 1993 with a degree in medical treatment.
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Candidate of Medical Sciences, Docent M.S.Zhaylybaev
From 1994 to 2007 - Assistant Professor of Normal Anatomy. From 2002 to 2005 - Post-graduate student of this department. Since December 2005 - Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Medicine. In 2007 he defended his candidate dissertation on the topic: «Individual variability of structural organization of medial surface of occipital lobe of great of man and some peculiarities of their angioarchitecture». M.S. Zhailybaev published 69 scientific works, 5 teaching aids and 1 monograph, has 5 copyright certificates for the invention, was awarded the badge "Денсаулық сақтау ісіне қосқан үлесі үшін" and with letters of thanks of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In different years at the department worked Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor V.V. Morozova, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor V.P.Veklenko, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Professor A.A. Idirisov, Associate Professor S.B Mardanov, Kh.E.Esbolov, V.I Polyakov, V.V. Yashin, Candidate of Medical Science, Associate Professor А.К. Kainazarov, Candidate of Medical Science, Associate Professor H.I. Hoffmann, Candidate of Medical Sciences. Y.A. Almabaev, assistant to VN. Makarenko, Candidate of Medical Sciences, S.K. Dosmambetova, Candidate of Medical Sciences. A.Y. Almabaeva, Candidate of Medical Sciences G.A. Zhurabekova, teachers T.S. Mukashev, M.K.Abdikalieva, Master of Medical Sciences E.A. Makarova.
Currently, the course is equipped with: 2 Candidates of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor M.S. Zhaylybaev, K.B. Darzhanova, teacher A.A. Sapargaliyeva and laboratory assistant T.B. Agatayeva.
Currently, the course trains competent, professional specialists.
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On the course of topographic anatomy with operative surgery, they now work from left to right the first-row Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor M.S. Zhaylybaev, Candidate of Medical Sciences K.B. Darzhanova, second row teacher A.A. Sapargaliyeva and laboratory assistant T.B. Agatayeva.

Educational work of the department

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For the attention of graduates

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