About the university

MEDICAL UNIVERSITY YESTERDAY AND TODAY
 
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The history of  West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov  State Medical University  began in 1957 when according to the Order of the Ministry of Higher Education of the USSR   Aktobe State Medical Institute (AkSMI) with specialty "Medical care" was opened on September 1, designed to provide West and Northwest of Kazakhstan with qualified medical personnel.
By the decision of  Aktyubinsk City Council of People's Deputies, a new building of  Aktyubinsk N. Bayganin Pedagogical Institute situated on  Lenin, 52 street was given to the Medical Institute .
Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, later - doctor of medical sciences, academician - Almagambet Bekishevich Dairov was appointed as the first director (rector) of the institute.
The opening of the Medical Institute became a newsbreak not only in Aktyubinsk, the Western region, but also in Kazakhstan. It initiated the development of medical science, created a special intellectual and cultural atmosphere in the life of the regional center.
In the organization of our institute, many medical schools of the Soviet Union took an active part. By the beginning of the academic year, textbooks were obtained from the libraries of  Sechenov, Leningrad and Perm medical Institutes, as well as from the Leningrad Central Library of the State Central Institute for Advanced Physicians.
The first teachers arrived from the leading medical institutes of the USSR - Moscow, Leningrad, Odessa, Kazan, Alma-Ata, Kiev, Novosibirsk, etc. Sixteen scientists had the degrees of candidates of medical sciences -  A.P. Sorokin, S.N. Gordin, K.V. Melnikova, V.V. Morozova, G.Ya. Krasnoshlykov, A.M. Mamyrbaev, H.E. Mamanova, I.A. Budchanov, V.A. Yaglinsky, A.V. Myslyaeva, Zh.M. Sidzhanov, V.A. Pishchik and others.
In a short time the educational process was organized, the first set of students was admitted, and it was a start of the life of a new higher educational institution on the land of Aktobe. In mid-October 1957, seven departments were opened at the medical institute.  On the first academic day at 8 o'clock in the morning in the hall of the institute the dean meet students at the entrance and made comments about unclean shoes, a slovenly look. This went on for several days in a row, until the students realized that any of their failures would be noticed. All teachers engrained rules of ethics to their students.
All the teachers, technical workers and students of the university actively participated in organization of the departments. The summer labor semesters in the villages of Aktyubinsk Oblast became traditional: students helped to build economic facilities, read the first lectures to villagers, provided feasible medical assistance, and performed amateur performances.
Demonstrations, volunteer clean-up, agricultural work and other events turned into festive events that unite students and teachers into a single collective.
Atmosphere of those days is well conveyed by the memories of the student of the first class of graduates, now MD, prof., head of Department of Internal Diseases of KazMI, A.K. Zhangabylova: "There was a small, motley crowd… They were not very well dressed, they did not look like aristocrats. The new medical institute opened the way for us to a student life, a future profession, practice, and science. And we began with the restructuring of the building of Pedagogical Institute. After classes we nailed, beaten, broken, restored ...We adapted the premises to the conditions of the medical institute. We spent the night there. We had our own "Vesalius" - student S. Rysmakhanov. He knew the entire textbook in Latin... ".
The structure of ASMI in the beginning of 1957/58 academic year looked very simple and was represented by the following divisions:
Rector A.B. Dairov, from 1957 till 1963, also headed the department of general surgery, combining remarkable specialists around him. During this organizational period, 33 departments were created in ASMI, including 17 - in the clinical field.
The first dean was candidate of medical sciences, associate professor Alexei Pavlovich Sorokin. He organized one of the fundamental departments - department of normal anatomy and the best anatomical museum among medical universities in Kazakhstan. Later he defended his doctoral dissertation, received the title of professor.
In the 60-ies ASMI was replenished with new teachers: Doctor of Medicine M.Sh. Shabanov, Candidates of Medical Sciences Sennikov, G.V. Ovsyannikov, A.I. Korvat, V.I. Shchenyatsky, P.M. Kozachinskiy, I.A. Budchanov, JI.H. Farafonova, A.T. Starodubova and others.
The first class of graduates of 157 physicians of a medical profile was in 1963, which was carried out by the rector N.D. Rastopchin (1963-1966). During this period department of urology was organized and construction of morphological building was began in the new microdistrict of city .
Seven graduates of the university received diplomas with distinction: E.S. Mambetalin - Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor, president of the Association of Urologists of the Republic of Kazakhstan, deputy director of Scientific Center of Urology named after academician B.U. Jarbussynov; V.M. Bondarenko - Doctor of Medical Sciences, academician of Russian and New York Academies of Sciences, professor of the Moscow GamaleiaI nstitute ; M.Sh. Akhmetov - Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Cancer Center of AMS of Russia; A.H. Khamzin - Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor, head of the Laboratory of Oncology Research Institute of the Republic of Kazakhstanand others.
During tenure of Rector V.N. Andreev (1966-1968) (head of Department of Faculty Therapy), the construction of the morphological building was finished, the departments of children's diseases and phthisiology were organized. There were remarkable scientists and pedagogical clinicians from various scientific schools in the teaching staff of that time: H.E. Mamanova, M.A. Dudchenko, P.M. Zaslavskaya, M.A. Bulina.
The headship of the rector T.Sh. Sharmanova (1968-1971) (Head of Department of Pharmacology) was particularly active and diverse in the direction of the university activity. Pediatric faculty and preparatory department were opened, scientific problem laboratory on nutrition was organized; three new departments were opened, training of graduates of the university in postgraduate study was organized, the large-circulation newspaper "Medic" began to appear.
From 1971 to 1995 (almost a quarter of a century !!!), our institute was headed by A.S. Smagulov, head of  Department of Roentgenology and Medical Radiology. There was  a rare phenomenon in the history of higher educational institutions... During his tenure the material-technical and scientific base of the Institute was strengthened - the building of Center of Scientific and Research Laboratory, two educational laboratories, three student`s hostels were constructed, the construction of the main building was started. Seven departments , the central methodological commission (later renamed into the central methodological council) and the central methodical cabinet (1973) were organized, Faculty of Continuing Medical Education (1979) was opened. During 31 year of its existence, 35,900 doctors and 1 230 average medical workers, faculties of average medical workers (dental department, 1993), faculty for advanced training of teachers (1994) improved their qualifications. Since 1993, the university has a dissertation council for the defense of Ph.D. theses in various specialties.
A.S. Smagulov approved himself  a talented teacher, scientist, leader and organizer. For health reasons prof. A.S. Smagulov resigned. Later, in honor of his memory a memorial  tablet was set up on the wall of the main building .
The rector J.K. Ordabayev (1995-1998) was elected on a voluntary basis at the Academic Council of the Institute. He was head of  Department of Microbiology. The construction of the main building was completed during his headship. The departments and administrative divisions were relocated and moved. The organization of museum of history of the university and public health services of the Western Kazakhstan has begun.
The main event of 1997 was a visit of the President of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev. His visit was  connect with the opening of a new (main) building.
In 1997, the university received the status of academy upon the order of the Government of the RK. The 40th anniversary of the university was in 1997.
Three years later, during activity of rector Zh.A. Doskaliyev (1998-2000), head of Department of Faculty Surgery, ASMA was renamed into the West Kazakhstan State Medical Academy with the conferment of the name of our fellow countryman, Doctor of Economics, prominent public figure and Chairman of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov who worked in our university for more than 20 years.
During the headship of rector Zh.A. Doskaliyev  sanitary-hygienic and stomatology faculties (1999) were opened, a scientific laboratory on a new complex issue for the university "Transplantation of hepatic cells under experimental conditions and clinics" was organized, a modular family clinic was established, and boxing sport club "Zhanibek" was organized.
From 1971 to 1995 (almost a quarter of a century !!!), our institute was headed by A.S. Smagulov, head of  Department of Roentgenology and Medical Radiology. There was  a rare phenomenon in the history of higher educational institutions... During his tenure the material-technical and scientific base of the Institute was strengthened - the building of Center of Scientific and Research Laboratory, two educational laboratories, three student`s hostels were constructed, the construction of the main building was started. Seven departments , the central methodological commission (later renamed into the central methodological council) and the central methodical cabinet (1973) were organized, Faculty of Continuing Medical Education (1979) was opened. During 31 year of its existence, 35,900 doctors and 1 230 average medical workers, faculties of average medical workers (dental department, 1993), faculty for advanced training of teachers (1994) improved their qualifications. Since 1993, the university has a dissertation council for the defense of Ph.D. theses in various specialties.
A.S. Smagulov approved himself  a talented teacher, scientist, leader and organizer. For health reasons prof. A.S. Smagulov resigned. Later, in honor of his memory a memorial  tablet was set up on the wall of the main building .
The rector J.K. Ordabayev (1995-1998) was elected on a voluntary basis at the Academic Council of the Institute. He was head of  Department of Microbiology. The construction of the main building was completed during his headship. The departments and administrative divisions were relocated and moved. The organization of museum of history of the university and public health services of the Western Kazakhstan has begun.
The main event of 1997 was a visit of the President of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev. His visit was  connect with the opening of a new (main) building.
In 1997, the university received the status of academy upon the order of the Government of the RK. The 40th anniversary of the university was in 1997.
Three years later, during activity of rector Zh.A. Doskaliyev (1998-2000), head of Department of Faculty Surgery, ASMA was renamed into the West Kazakhstan State Medical Academy with the conferment of the name of our fellow countryman, Doctor of Economics, prominent public figure and Chairman of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov who worked in our university for more than 20 years.
During the headship of rector Zh.A. Doskaliyev  sanitary-hygienic and stomatology faculties (1999) were opened, a scientific laboratory on a new complex issue for the university "Transplantation of hepatic cells under experimental conditions and clinics" was organized, a modular family clinic was established, and boxing sport club "Zhanibek" was organized.
The rector K.K. Zholmukhamedov (2000-2003) initiated innovative methods of teaching students. Thanks to his efforts, the Computer Testing Center and the Dissertation Council on the specialty "Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology" were opened, and the students were admitted to the Pharmaceutical Faculty (2001). With his participation a branch of the "Center for Occupational Pathology" was opened. On his initiative, a portrait gallery of medical scientists with a world-wide reputation  were created at the academy.
In 2001-2002, the university received state licenses for the right to conduct educational activities in the sphere of secondary, higher and postgraduate professional education, as well as to engage in medical activities.
During the tenure of rector S.F. Berkinbaev (2003-2007), four new departments were organized at the faculty for the improvement of doctors, several departments at the  preventive and pharmaceutical faculties, faculty for training specialists with secondary vocational education was formed, diagnostic and cardiosurgical centers,dental polyclinic were opened; He initiated the publication of the scientific and practical journal "West Kazakhstan medical journal"; Major repairs and reconstruction of the historical museum were done - modern design was given. The opening of the museum in a new form was timed to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the University and took place on November 1-2, 2007.
In accordance with the requirements of the time in 2005, a large and serious work was carried out to organize a quality service in the academy. This work was done by the pro-rector for educational and scientific work , d.m.s., professor G.N. Kismanov (in the status of the representative of the quality manual). S.D. Daurenbekova was appointed  as the head of this new unit   (2005-2010). The activity of the quality service was aimed at monitoring and systematic improvement of medical, methodical and educational work in the academy. The results of this service affected immediately - in May 2006. The Academy (one of the first among the universities of Kazakhstan) passed the international certification of the conformity of the quality management system ISO 9001: 2000 in the field of educational activities for training specialists with secondary, higher and postgraduate professional education; In the field of additional vocational education, in the sphere of professional development, retraining of personnel with higher and secondary medical, pharmaceutical education; Military training of reserve officers, career officers, military medical advanced training of reserve medical officers; medical activities, including preventive, consultative, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitation.
Since 2008,Erbol Zhasulanovich Bekmuhambetov, the doctor of medical sciences, professor , a graduate of our university is the rector.
In February 2009, the academy received the status of a medical university.
In November 2010 of academic year the university passed institutional accreditation for compliance of its educational activity with the standards of the NAC of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the participation of the chief adviser of the World Federation of Medical Education, Jorgen Nuestrup (Denmark). Since 2010, the quality service is headed by Professor S.N. Dilmagambetov.
Throughout its 54-year history, the university has been and remains the leading provider of medical education. During this period, 17,609 people received doctors diplomas.
Medical institutions of cities and regions of Western Kazakhstan (Aktobe, Uralsk, Atyrau, Aktau) and Kyzylorda are staffed by specialists, mostly graduates of our university.
Today, West Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov State Medical University provides the training of medical personnel in eight faculties - general medicine, stomatology, preventive medicine, pharmaceutical, training of specialists with secondary vocational education, advanced training of physicians  and additional medical and pharmaceutical education.
Annually about 3000 of Kazakhstan and foreign students (students, interns, clinical residents, graduate students, students of the faculty of advanced training, cadets of the faculty of improvement of medical and pharmaceutical workers) receive education at the university. The output of each academic year is over 400 of young specialists.
For more than a decade our medical university has been training medical personnel for the countries of near and far abroad - Russia, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Libya, Israel, etc.
The structure of postgraduate education of the university is constantly improving and includes: internship (8 specialties), clinical residency (8 specialties), postgraduate study (9 specialties), doctoral studies (6 specialties) and advanced training and retraining courses for specialists.
At all stages of development, the staff of the university paid great attention to the issues of qualitative staffing of the faculty, expansion and modernization of the material and technical base of the university.
Today, the University has five training and laboratory buildings, a library with reading and computer rooms, an Internet class, a center for educational and information resources, three hostels (one for foreign students) for students and cadets, sports halls, stadium, tennis court, summer basketball and volleyball courts, a health center with gyms, a ski base. The academy also includes a research center, an editorial and publishing center, a testing center, an information technology service, an educational and training center, etc. There are several computer classes, servers and local networks in the university. The general number of personal computers of the uneversity is 615 pieces, while 71 computers have access to the global INTERNET network. The University has six scientific and practical medical centers (its own clinical base): a clinical medicine center for 560 beds, a family medicine clinic, a dental clinic, a republican center for peritonitis problems, a regional vocational and pathological center, in which several tens of thousands of residents of the Western Kazakhstan recieve medical aid. In 2007 the cardiosurgical center was opened with modern medical equipment.
For 2010/11 academic year our university consisted of 35 structural divisions with their subordinate departments.
Currently, the educational, scientific, and therapeutic and diagnostic activities of the University are carried out at 70 departments and courses, employing more than 500 teachers. Teaching staff today: 1 laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2 Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RK, 1 academician of the NAS of RK, 5 academicians and corresponding members of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 36 doctors and 175 candidates of medical sciences, 10 masters.
The academy staff prepared and defended more than 600 dissertations. A number of university staff were awarded high state and foreign academic awards.
Graduates of the university head many universities and research institutes of Kazakhstan, CIS countries, and also successfully work in Germany, Israel, the USA and other countries of the world.
Medical, educational and scientific work of the staff of clinical departments is conducted in close contact with the doctors of practical public health on the basis of medical and preventive institutions of the city and the region. Many leaders of practical health care in Western Kazakhstan are graduates of WKSMU . Annually, the academic staff of the university consults thousands of patients, provides medical treatment, introduces new methods of diagnosis and treatment, including modern endovideosuloparoscopic surgery. University staff develops and participates in the implementation of important scientific and medical programs: "Prevention and treatment of purulent-septic complications in abdominal surgery", "Medico-ecological zoning of the territory of the Aktyube region", "Reducing mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular diseases by developing new technologies of Diagnosis and treatment ", etc.
WKSMU maintains professional, scientific and creative contacts with the North Dakota Higher School of Medicine (USA), the Hannover Higher Medical School (Germany), the University of South Florida (USA), the University of Western Toronto (Canada), more than 20- Higher medical schools and research institutes of the CIS countries.
Many  well-known outside of Kazakhstan scientists graduated from our university: Laureate of the State Prize of the RK, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, d.m.s., Professor Zh.A. Doskaliyev; Academician of the National Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Honored Scientist and Technician, holder of the medal of the International Biographical Institute "2000 outstanding intellectuals of the 20th century", d.m.s., Professor N.I. Izimbergenov; Laureate of the State Prize of the RK, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the RK, holder of the orders "Kurmet" and "M. Lomonosov", d.m.s., Professor R.S.Kuzdenbaeva; Honored Worker of Science and Technology, d.m.s., Professor Yu.V. Biryuchkov; Corresponding Member of the New York Medical Academy, d.m.s., Professor K.Zh. Akhmetov; Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, d.m.s., Professor K.A. Zhamankulov; Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, d.m.s., Professor Zh.K. Ordabayev; Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, d.m.s., Professor T.Zh. Umbetov.They educated new generations of doctors, doctors of sciences and professors, their names are always pronounced with great respect.
The pride of our university is also our graduates, who run large scientific medical centers and subdivisions of Moscow, Astana, Almaty, etc.. They are: Esengoz Saginaevich Mambetalin, President of the Association of Urologists of RK, doctor of medical sciences, professor, deputy Director of the Urology Scientific Center named after Academician B.U. Jarbussynov; Viktor Mikhailovich Bondarenko, Academician of the Soviet, Russian, New York, Petrovsky Academies, Doctor of Medicine, Professor; Zhetkergen Anesovich Arzykulov, d.m.s., professor; Serik Kuandykovich Akshulakov, Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Honored Worker of Kazakhstan, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Director General of the Republican Scientific Center of Neurosurgery in Astana; Altyn Muafikovna Aringhazina, c.m.s., expert of the World Health Organization, member of the European Committee of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education IUHPE / EURO, member of the IUHPE Board of Trustees (France); Shamil Saginovich Tazhibaev, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Vice President of Kazakh Academy of Nutrition CJSC, Almaty; Mereke Sagimbaevna Butina, chairman of the health workers' union of Kazakhstan; Talgat Kapaevich Kudaibergenov, MD, Director of the Center of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Astana; Murat Koishibaevich Teleuov, MD, professor, rector of the Karaganda State Medical University.
One of the first health workers who received the title of "Person of the Year" was Alla Valentinovna Mironova, a graduate of 1963 (the first graduate of the ASMI), the director of the Aktobe medical school.
The streets of our city are named after our outstanding employees - the street Steppe renamed into the street Smagulova (rector ASMI 1971-1995), str. Tyulenin - into the street Marat Ospanov (head of the Marxism-Leninism Department in 1972-1995, the first Speaker of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan), in the microdistrict "South-West-1" the street was named in honor of Khalid Esengulovna Mamanova (organizer and head of the Department of Physiology 1959 -1977).
Today, the West Kazakhstan State Medical University  is a large educational, scientific and medical institutionand our specialists continue the traditions of scientific schools founded by well-known scientists of the university.

  

  

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